PRACTICE NURSES: FAQs
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an Advanced Practice Nurse (APN)?
Illinois, a licensed APN must have completed an accredited educational program
with a master’s degree in nursing (MS or MSN) or doctorate degree in nursing
(DNSc, DNP, or PhD) and be
board certified. While all APNs
are registered professional nurses (RN), only those with advanced education and
clinical training are APNs.
there different types of APN and what is the difference?
depending on their education and clinical training. APNs include:
- Certified Nurse Practitioner (CNP): provides the full scope of primary
care services in hospitals and clinics with an emphasis on prevention,
wellness and patient education.
CNPs can diagnose and treat a variety of illnesses, including
- Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM): provides care for women throughout
their lifespan through family planning, gynecologic services and
menopausal management. CNMs
also care for women during and after pregnancy, deliver babies and provide
- Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA): provides anesthesia and pain management
care to patients undergoing all types of surgeries and medical procedures,
including childbirth and patients with acute and chronic pain
conditions. CRNAs also
provide expert airway management and critical care for emergency
- Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS): have advance knowledge in a
specialized field of practice and are experts at diagnosing and treating
illnesses. They also may
prescribe medications. CNSs
influence positive outcomes and focus within three spheres of influence: patients/families, nursing, and systems/organizations. They work in hospitals, clinics,
offices or outpatient settings.
health services do APNs provide?
on their education and training:
- Take medical
histories and perform physical examinations
- Diagnose &
treat acute and chronic problems (i.e. ,infections, injuries*, asthma,
- Provide routine
health care, wellness and disease prevention (prenatal, well-child,
- Order and
interpret laboratory tests, X-rays & other diagnostic tests
medications and treatments
education and support for healthy lifestyle behaviors
- Manage normal pregnancy, labor and birth as well
as many other aspects of women’s health throughand including menopause
- Manage anesthesia
care and pain management (C.R.N.A.)
- Enhance quality
and safety throughout the continuum of healthcare by improving patient,
nursing, and organizational outcomes
healthcare costs, hospital length of stay, and hospital readmissions
- Serve as Educators,
Leaders, Researchers, Administrators, Change-agents
- Provide expert
consultation throughout continuum of healthcare
palliative or end-of-life care
indicates a limited list of examples)
do APNs practice?
physician offices, hospitals, long term care facilities, home health agencies,
communities, schools and other health settings.